Job satisfaction is an individual’s general attitude towards his or her job satisfaction or the feelings, reflecting attitudes towards one’s job. It is a relatively recent term since in previous centuries. The jobs available to a particular person were often predetermined by the occupation of that person’s parent. There are a variety of factors that can influence a person’s level of job satisfaction. Some of these factors include the level of pay and benefits, the perceived fairness of the promotion system within a company, the quality of the working conditions, leadership and social relationships, the job itself (the variety of tasks involved, the interest and challenge the job generates, and the clarity of the job description/requirements).
Job satisfaction has been defined as a pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job; an affective reaction to one’s job; and an attitude towards one’s job. Weiss (2007) has argued that job satisfaction is an attitude but points out that researchers should clearly distinguish the objects of cognitive evaluation which are affect (emotion), beliefs and behaviors. This definition suggests that we form attitudes towards our jobs by taking into account our feelings, our beliefs and our behaviors.
A dissatisfied teacher can become irritable and may create tensions which can have negative influence on the students’ learning process and it consequently affects their academic growth. Job satisfaction implies the overall adjustment to work situation. Attitude is readiness to react towards or against, person or thing in a particular manner. The attitude, ideas, feelings and interest of a child are influenced by the organization of his/her family, thinking of parents and custom of the society. Personality of parents , their education and their behavior towards the children is the basis of development of attitudes. Teachers having favourable attitude towards their profession are generally successful, properly adjusted and well satisfied with job.